Bathymetry and water column correction
at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas
Image courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey
7671*7841 30 m pixel size, UTM zone 18

Using the Panchromatic band for water column correction
to derive water depth and spectral bottom signature:

Landsat 8 OLIP bandset used for this work
Purple=1Blue=2Green=3PAN=4Red=5NIR=6 and SWIR1=7


scene LC80120442015080LGN00, March 21rst 2016
Work done september 2016

As I don't have seatruth data, apart from the above speaker_harris_fig_01.png,
I used results obtained on
lsiOLI_20140129 as a seatruth DTM
The result is astounding,
knowing that part of the fuzziness is caused by slight misregistration of the PAN band.
No smoothing applied

March 21rst 2015    vs   Jan 29th 2014
This is a test of the robustness of 4SM

ZR+0.70m - ZC
March 21rst 2015   -   Jan 29th 2014
Three specific sources of discrepancies must be considered
  • Cloud shadows: they cause over-estimation of retrieved depths. I could not find a way to avoid it.
  • Misregistration: the 30 m re-sampled PAN band is misregistrated by one pixel in both row and line. This causes fuzziness, and overestimated depths on occasion.
  • Variation of water optical properties: they cause local over -or under- estimation of retrieved depth

The results are much more robust than I expected!
I intend to produce
a Combined Depth raster
 out of all these results.

Data and Deglinting

TOA TCC: raw image
logaritmmic enhancement

BOA TCC deglinted image
logaritmmic enhancement

No discolouration in january
Some vegetation beds are
not to be confused

with areas of discoloured waters

No discolouration in march
Some vegetation beds are
not to be confused

with areas of discoloured waters

Calibration must account for yellow substances
this is done by decreasing Lsw and Lw for Coastal and Blue bands
16U data are scaled to allow for comfortable screen display

Calibration diagram for the whole scene
for bands Blue, Green, Red and NIR
  • 0-10 m:  KBLUE/KGREEN=0.58
    • OIB+0.5
    • this applies to the whole platform
  • 10-30 m: KBLUE/KGREEN= from 0.58  to 0.47
    • from OIB+0.5 to OIB+0.1

Calibration diagram for the whole scene
for bands Coastal, PAN, Red, NIR

  • The fuzzyness of the BPL for the pair Coastal/PAN is caused by slight misregistration of the resampled PAN band

Ready for modeling
No Smoothing

BOA TCC: water column corrected

Retrieved depth
see legend
I had to slightly increase LswPAN
in order to ballpark retrieved depths
in the 9-12 m range as indicated
in the figure speaker_harris_fig_01.png


Bottom typing

SAM classified image
see legend for SAM

Average bottom brightness



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