Optical calibration, bathymetry, water column correction and bottom typing of shallow marine areas, using passive remote sensing imageries
Bathymetry and water column correction
at Caicos Bank, Bahamas
4018*4149, 30 m pixel size, UTM zone 18, downloaded from USGS
Image courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey
Using the Panchromatic band for water column correction
to derive water depth and spectral bottom signature:

Landsat 8 OLIP bandset used for this work

Purple_1Blue_2Green_3PAN_4Red_5NIR_6 and SWIR1_7

Please refer to Bora Bora and Sanaa for use of the PANchromatic band for water column correction

1 - NO NEED for field data, nor for atmospheric correction
2 - this is demonstrated in this website, using a variety of hyper/multi spectral data
Requirements are
1 - homogeneous water body and atmosphere
2 - some coverage of optically deep water
3 - some coverage of dry land
Problems are
1 - the precision on estimated depth is found wanting, because the noise-equivalent change in radiance  of accessible data is too high for shallow water column correction work 
2 - radiance data should be preprocessed by the provider at level 1 in order to improve S/N ratio
3 - exponential decay: the deeper/darker the bottom, the poorer the performances
I keep digging
until suitable data
become available
 scene LC80090452014056LGN00, February 25th 2014
Work done august 2016

DTM seatruth RMSE=0.61 m

DTM depth - 4SM depth
Htide=1.2m tide correction applied to DTM depth

see legend

Seatruth regression
Tide correction applied to DTM depths: 1.2 m

Data and Deglinting

TOA TCC: raw image
logarithmic enhancement

BOA TCC deglinted image
linear enhancement


Optical calibration, optimized
16U data are scaled to allow for comfortable screen display

Calibration diagram for the whole scene
for bands Blue, Green, Red and NIR
KBLUE/KGREEN=0.51 => Jerlov water type OIB+0.37


Calibration diagram for the whole scene
for bands Blue, PAN, RED and NIR

Reflectance (0-1)
of the path radiance Ra for this scene 
0.102 0.077 0.044 0.039 0.025 0.011 0.002

Reflectance (0-1)
of the water volume Rw for this scene
0.019 0.016 0.002 0.001 0.0 0.0 0.0 


Now ready for Modeling
SAM classified image
This is end February 2014

see legend for SAM

ImageB: average bottom brightness
This is end february 2014

water column corrected

Retrieved depth

see legend